Adult cane toads:

  • are usually large—around 10 to 15 centimetres long (4 to 5 inches)
  • have rough, dry skin
  • range from dull brown, yellowish to blackish on top and mottled brown underneath
  • have large eardrums just below/behind the eyes
  • have large glands behind the head which release a poisonous milky liquid.

Cane toads mating

Cane toads mating. Photo © Parks and Wildlife


Click to hear the cane toad's call. (102kb, mp3)

canetoad identification


Smaller toads can easily be confused with native frogs.
If you are unsure, please:

  • call the Cane Toad Hotline on 1800 44 WILD (1800 44 9453)
  • text a photo to (0400) 693 807
  • or email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Reference documents: