typical wandoo woodland
Typical wandoo woodland
Photo © B Ripley

Wandoo (Eucalyptus wandoo blakely), often called white gum, is a widespread and ecologically significant tree species endemic to south-western Australia.

It occurs in the medium and lower rainfall areas of the Wheatbelt and Great Southern regions.

Clearing for agriculture has dramatically diminished and fragmented the wandoo's former range.

In agricultural areas, wandoo is mainly limited to conservation reserves, as remnant bushland and roadside vegetation, or as paddock trees on private farmland.

Wandoo and wildlife

Wandoo is an important tree for wildlife. Animals that inhabit hollows in standing wandoo trees include:

  • brush-tailed wambengers (or phascogales)
  • several bat species
  • rufous tree creepers
  • regent parrots
  • Carnaby's cockatoos
  • barn owls.
Releasing a brushtail possum during a monitoring exercise
Releasing a brushtail possum
during a monitoring exercise
Photo © Parks and Wildlife

Fallen logs on the ground provide homes for other animals including:

  • wambengers
  • immature rufous tree creepers
  • brushtail possums
  • numbats
  • chuditches
  • echidnas
  • carpet pythons
  • Gould's monitors
  • western bearded dragons
  • many other reptiles.

The foliage and bark support a myriad of insects and invertebrates, making it a good habitat for insectivorous birds.

Flowers produce abundant nectar, an important source of food for birds and insects.

Insects are important in recycling plant matter and nutrients, dispersing seeds and pollinating many plants, forming an integral part of the ecological food web.

Wandoo products

Wandoo tree nectar produces a fine honey that has long supported the Western Australian honey industry.

Wandoo is a first class structural timber and has been used extensively for heavy construction purposes such a s poles, bridges, railway sleepers, wharfs and warehouse flooring. It is still in demand for furniture and flooring, as well as stockyards and fencing.